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Бензиновый двигатель

Автор: Анна
Источник: Автомобили. Информационный блог
Опубликовано: 26 августа 2015 в 18:23 [205]

Бензиновый двигатель

Среди автомобильных двигателей различают бензиновые двигатели и дизельные. Они являются двумя разновидностями двигателей внутреннего сгорания. Каждый из них обладает определенными характеристиками, присущими только ему. Эти качества хорошо заметны при сравнении каждого из аппаратов.

Отличия бензинового и дизельного моторов

Главное отличие бензинового двигателя от дизельного состоит в самом процессе сгорания топлива. В первом топливная смесь поджигается при помощи электрической искры, которую вырабатывает катушка зажигания при запуске двигателя. Проводником этой искры являются свечи зажигания, которых в дизельных моторах попросту нет, так как дизтопливо самовоспламеняется от повышенной компрессии внутри камеры сгорания.

бензиновый двигатель

Недостатки бензинового двигателя

  1. Увеличенный расход топлива.
  2. Повышенная чувствительность к топливной смеси.
  3. Цена бензина превышает стоимость дизельного горючего.
  4. Выброс вредных токсинов после сгорания топливовоздушной смеси.
  5. Работа двигателя на высоких оборотах заметно слабее, чем у дизельного.
  6. Хозяину автомобиля с бензиновым двигателем приходится чаще устранять неполадки мотора или посещать СТО.

бензиновый двигатель

Чем бензиновый двигатель может быть лучше?

  1. Такой мотор работает намного тише.
  2. Имеет значительную литровую мощность.
  3. При низких температурах топливо не замерзает и автомобиль заводится без проблем. Автовладельцу не приходится задумываться о том, какой вид горючего выбрать для разных времен года.
  4. На низких оборотах и в условиях городских дорог бензиновый мотор работает намного лучше, чем дизельный.
  5. Обслуживание бензинового двигателя и его комплектующих на порядок дешевле, чем у его дизельного собрата.
Штрафы за превышение скорости 2015 годАвтомобили. Информационный блогРемонт суппорта
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